Alpha-synuclein and its disease-related mutants interact differentially with the microtubule protein tau and associate with the actin cytoskeleton

2007 | journal article; research paper. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Alpha-synuclein and its disease-related mutants interact differentially with the microtubule protein tau and associate with the actin cytoskeleton​
Esposito, A.; Dohm, C. P. ; Kermer, P. ; Bähr, M.   & Wouters, F. S. ​ (2007) 
Neurobiology of Disease26(3) pp. 521​-531​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2007.01.014 

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Authors
Esposito, Alessandro; Dohm, Christoph P. ; Kermer, Pawel ; Bähr, Mathias ; Wouters, Fred S. 
Abstract
alpha-Synuclein is a primarily neuronal protein that is enriched at the presynapse. alpha-Synuclein and the microtubule binding protein tau have been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases. alpha-Synuclein is known to associate with phospholipid vesicles, regulates dopamine metabolism and exhibits chaperone activity, but its main role remains largely unknown. Furthermore, knowledge on its interactions and posttranslational modifications is essential for a molecular understanding of alpha-synucleinopathies. We investigated alpha-synuclein mutations, causative for autosomal dominant forms of Parkinson's disease (A30P, A53T and E46K), and phosphorylation mutants at serine 129 (S129A and S129D) using fluorescently labelled alpha-synuclein, actin and tau. The investigation of colocalizafion, and protein-protein interactions by Forster resonance energy transfer and fluorescence lifetime imaging showed that alpha-synuclein associates with the actin cytoskeleton and interacts with tau. The A30P mutation and cytoskeletal destabilization decreased this interaction. Given the concurrent loss of membrane binding by this mutation, we propose a membrane- bound functional complex with tau that might involve the actin cytoskeleton. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Issue Date
2007
Journal
Neurobiology of Disease 
ISSN
0969-9961
Language
English

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