Responses of tree growth and biomass production to nutrient addition in a semi‐deciduous tropical forest in Africa

2022 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Responses of tree growth and biomass production to nutrient addition in a semi‐deciduous tropical forest in Africa​
Manu, R.; Corre, M. D. ; Aleeje, A.; Mwanjalolo, M. J. G.; Babweteera, F.; Veldkamp, E.   & Straaten, O.​ (2022) 
Ecology103(6).​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.3659 

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Authors
Manu, Raphael; Corre, Marife D. ; Aleeje, Alfred; Mwanjalolo, Majaliwa J. G.; Babweteera, Fred; Veldkamp, Edzo ; Straaten, Oliver
Abstract
Abstract Experimental evidence of nutrient limitations on primary productivity in Afrotropical forests is rare and globally underrepresented yet are crucial for understanding constraints to terrestrial carbon uptake. In an ecosystem‐scale nutrient manipulation experiment, we assessed the early responses of tree growth rates among different tree sizes, taxonomic species, and at a community level in a humid tropical forest in Uganda. Following a full factorial design, we established 32 (eight treatments × four replicates) experimental plots of 40 × 40 m each. We added nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), their combinations (NP, NK, PK, and NPK), and control at the rates of 125 kg N ha−1 year−1, 50 kg P ha−1 year−1 and 50 kg K ha−1 year−1, split into four equal applications, and measured stem growth of more than 15,000 trees with diameter at breast height (dbh) ≥1 cm. After 2 years, the response of tree stem growth to nutrient additions was dependent on tree sizes, species and leaf habit but not community wide. First, tree stem growth increased under N additions, primarily among medium‐sized trees (10–30 cm dbh), and in trees of Lasiodiscus mildbraedii in the second year of the experiment. Second, K limitation was evident in semi‐deciduous trees, which increased stem growth by 46% in +K than –K treatments, following a strong, prolonged dry season during the first year of the experiment. This highlights the key role of K in stomatal regulation and maintenance of water balance in trees, particularly under water‐stressed conditions. Third, the role of P in promoting tree growth and carbon accumulation rates in this forest on highly weathered soils was rather not pronounced; nonetheless, mortality among saplings (1–5 cm dbh) was reduced by 30% in +P than in –P treatments. Although stem growth responses to nutrient interaction effects were positive or negative (likely depending on nutrient combinations and climate variability), our results underscore the fact that, in a highly diverse forest ecosystem, multiple nutrients and not one single nutrient regulate tree growth and aboveground carbon uptake due to varying nutrient requirements and acquisition strategies of different tree sizes, species, and leaf habits.
Issue Date
2022
Journal
Ecology 
Organization
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie ; Büsgen-Institut ; Abteilung Ökopedologie der Tropen und Subtropen 
ISSN
0012-9658
eISSN
1939-9170
Language
English
Sponsor
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100001659

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