Non-Destructive Evaluation of the Cutting Surface of Hardwood Finger Joints

2022 | journal article; research paper. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Non-Destructive Evaluation of the Cutting Surface of Hardwood Finger Joints​
Stolze, H.; Gurnik, M.; Koddenberg, T.; Kröger, J.; Köhler, R.; Viöl, W. & Militz, H. ​ (2022) 
Sensors22(10) pp. 3855​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/s22103855 

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Attribution 4.0 CC BY 4.0

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Authors
Stolze, Hannes; Gurnik, Michael; Koddenberg, Tim; Kröger, Jonas; Köhler, Robert; Viöl, Wolfgang; Militz, Holger 
Abstract
In this study, the surface parameters wettability, roughness, and adhesive penetration, which are important for wood bonding, were investigated and evaluated utilizing non-destructive methods after different mechanical processing. For this purpose, beech and birch finger joints were prepared with different cutting combinations (three cutters with different sharpness levels and two feed rates) in an industrial process. Effects and interactions on the surface parameters resulting from the different cutting combinations were evaluated using three Full Factorial Designs. The various cutting parameters had a predominantly significant influence on the surface parameters. The effects and identified interactions highlight the complexity of the cutting surface and the importance of wood bonding. In this respect, a new finding is that with sharper cutters, higher contact angles of the adhesives occur. The methods (contact angle measurement, laser scanning microscopy, and brightfield microscopy) used were well suited to make effects visible and quantifiable, which can be of interest for the quality control of the wood processing industry. The results can help to better understand and evaluate the design of wood surfaces via machining and the bonding of hardwoods. Possibly the results can contribute to further standardizing the production of load-bearing hardwood finger joints and making them more efficient.
Issue Date
2022
Journal
Sensors 
Organization
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie ; Burckhardt-Institut ; Abteilung Holzbiologie und Holzprodukte 
eISSN
1424-8220
Language
English
Sponsor
German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) through the Central Innovation Programme for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)
Open-Access-Publikationsfonds 2022

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