Application of strontium isotope analysis to provenance studies of Early Bronze Age North-Mesopotamian Metallic Ware

2017 | journal article; research paper. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Application of strontium isotope analysis to provenance studies of Early Bronze Age North-Mesopotamian Metallic Ware​
Kibaroğlu, M.; Falb, C. & Hartmann, G. ​ (2017) 
Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports16 pp. 573​-588​.​ DOI: 

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Kibaroğlu, Mustafa; Falb, Christian; Hartmann, Gerald 
Sr isotopic analysis was carried out on Early Bronze Age (c. 2800–2200 BCE) North-Mesopotamian Metallic Ware and clay samples collected from south-eastern Anatolia and north-eastern Syria with a view to determining the provenance of this characteristic ceramic type, in particular of its non-calcareous variant. The non-calcareous and calcareous variants of North-Mesopotamian Metallic Ware, which have been defined in previous archaeometric studies, show a clear distinction in their Sr isotopic signatures. The non-calcareous group is characterised by high 87Sr/86Sr ratios, whereas the calcareous variant has much lower values. The Sr isotopic signature of the non-calcareous group shows similarities with clay samples from the Pütürge Massif area in south-east Anatolia. Combining the results of the present study with previous investigations, it is thought that the raw material used for the production of non-calcareous North-Mesopotamian Metallic Ware could have been originated from the southern part of the Pütürge Massif area. Furthermore, this study proves that Sr isotope analysis is a useful tool for the characterisation and identification of archaeological ceramic provenance.
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Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 
Abteilung Geochemie und Isotopengeologie 



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