Soil greenhouse gas fluxes from tropical vegetable farms, using forest as a reference

2022 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Soil greenhouse gas fluxes from tropical vegetable farms, using forest as a reference​
Quiñones, C. M. O.; Veldkamp, E. ; Lina, S. B.; Bande, M. J. M.; Arribado, A. O. & Corre, M. D. ​ (2022) 
Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems124(1) pp. 59​-79​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-022-10222-4 

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Authors
Quiñones, Cecille Marie O.; Veldkamp, Edzo ; Lina, Suzette B.; Bande, Marlito Jose M.; Arribado, Arwin O.; Corre, Marife D. 
Abstract
Abstract Field-based quantification of soil greenhouse gas emissions from the Philippines’ agriculture sector is missing for vegetable production systems, despite its substantial contribution to agricultural production. We quantified soil N 2 O emission, CH 4 uptake, and CO 2 efflux in vegetable farms and compared these to the secondary forest. Measurements were conducted for 13 months in 10 smallholder farms and nine forest plots on Andosol soil in Leyte, Philippines using static chambers. Soil N 2 O and CO 2 emissions were higher, whereas CH 4 uptake was lower in the vegetable farms than in the forest. Vegetable farms had annual fluxes of 12.7 ± 2.6 kg N 2 O-N ha −1  yr −1 , −1.1 ± 0.2 kg CH 4 -C ha −1  yr −1 , and 11.7 ± 0.7 Mg CO 2 -C ha −1  yr −1 , whereas the forest had 0.10 ± 0.02 kg N 2 O-N ha ha −1  yr −1 , −2.0 ± 0.2 kg CH 4 -C ha −1  yr −1 , and 8.2 ± 0.7 Mg CO 2 -C ha −1  yr −1 . Long-term high N fertilization rates in vegetable farms resulted in large soil mineral N levels, dominated by NO 3 – in the topsoil and down to 1-m depth, leading to high soil N 2 O emissions. Increased soil bulk density in the vegetable farms probably increased anaerobic microsites during the wet season and reduced CH 4 diffusion from the atmosphere into the soil, resulting in decreased soil CH 4 uptake. High soil CO 2 emissions from the vegetable farms suggested decomposition of labile organic matter, possibly facilitated by plowing and large N fertilization rates. The global warming potential of these vegetable farms was 31 ± 2.7 Mg CO 2 -eq ha −1  yr −1 (100-year time frame).
Issue Date
2022
Journal
Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 
Organization
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie ; Büsgen-Institut ; Abteilung Ökopedologie der Tropen und Subtropen 
ISSN
1385-1314
eISSN
1573-0867
Language
English

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