Sirt2 promotes white matter oligodendrogenesis during development and in models of neonatal hypoxia

2022 | journal article

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​Sirt2 promotes white matter oligodendrogenesis during development and in models of neonatal hypoxia​
Jablonska, B.; Adams, K. L.; Kratimenos, P.; Li, Z.; Strickland, E.; Haydar, T. F. & Kusch, K. et al.​ (2022) 
Nature Communications13(1).​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-32462-2 

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Authors
Jablonska, Beata; Adams, Katrina L.; Kratimenos, Panagiotis; Li, Zhen; Strickland, Emma; Haydar, Tarik F.; Kusch, Katharina; Nave, Klaus-Armin ; Gallo, Vittorio
Abstract
Delayed oligodendrocyte (OL) maturation caused by hypoxia (Hx)-induced neonatal brain injury results in hypomyelination and leads to neurological disabilities. Previously, we characterized Sirt1 as a crucial regulator of OL progenitor cell (OPC) proliferation in response to Hx. We now identify Sirt2 as a critical promoter of OL differentiation during both normal white matter development and in a mouse model of Hx. Importantly, we find that Hx reduces Sirt2 expression in mature OLs and that Sirt2 overexpression in OPCs restores mature OL populations. Reduced numbers of Sirt2 + OLs were also observed in the white matter of preterm human infants. We show that Sirt2 interacts with p27 Kip1 /FoxO1, p21 Cip1 /Cdk4, and Cdk5 pathways, and that these interactions are altered by Hx. Furthermore, Hx induces nuclear translocation of Sirt2 in OPCs where it binds several genomic targets. Overall, these results indicate that a balance of Sirt1 and Sirt2 activity is required for developmental oligodendrogenesis, and that these proteins represent potential targets for promoting repair following white matter injury.
Issue Date
2022
Journal
Nature Communications 
Organization
Max-Planck-Institut für Experimentelle Medizin 
eISSN
2041-1723
Language
English

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