Vacuum Low-Temperature Microwave-Assisted Pyrolysis of Technical Lignins

2022 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Vacuum Low-Temperature Microwave-Assisted Pyrolysis of Technical Lignins​
Karthäuser, J.; Biziks, V. ; Frauendorf, H. ; Mai, C.   & Militz, H. ​ (2022) 
Polymers14(16) pp. 3383​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14163383 

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Authors
Karthäuser, Johannes; Biziks, Vladimirs ; Frauendorf, Holm ; Mai, Carsten ; Militz, Holger 
Abstract
Cleavage by microwave-assisted pyrolysis is a way to obtain higher-value organic chemicals from technical lignins. In this report, pine kraft lignin (PKL), spruce and beech organosolv lignin (SOSL and BOSL), and calcium lignosulfonates from spruce wood (LS) were pyrolyzed at temperatures between 30 and 280 °C using vacuum low-temperature, microwave-assisted pyrolysis. The mass balance, energy consumption, condensation rate, and pressure changes of the products during the pyrolysis process were recorded. Phenolic condensates obtained at different temperatures during pyrolysis were collected, and their chemical composition was determined by GC-MS and GC-FID. The origin of the technical lignin had a significant influence on the pyrolysis products. Phenolic condensates were obtained in yields of approximately 15% (PKL and SOSL) as well as in lower yields of 4.5% (BOSL) or even 1.7% (LS). The main production of the phenolic condensates for the PKL and SOSL occurred at temperatures of approximately 140 and 180 °C, respectively. The main components of the phenolic fraction of the three softwood lignins were guaiacol, 4-methylguaiacol, 4-ethylguaiacol, and other guaiacol derivatives; however, the quantity varied significantly depending on the lignin source. Due to the low cleavage temperature vacuum, low-temperature, microwave-assisted pyrolysis could be an interesting approach to lignin conversion.
Issue Date
2022
Journal
Polymers 
Organization
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie ; Burckhardt-Institut ; Abteilung Holzbiologie und Holzprodukte 
eISSN
2073-4360
Language
English
Sponsor
Open-Access-Publikationsfonds 2022

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