A multiplexed parallel reaction monitoring assay to monitor bovine pregnancy-associated glycoproteins throughout pregnancy and after gestation

2022 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​A multiplexed parallel reaction monitoring assay to monitor bovine pregnancy-associated glycoproteins throughout pregnancy and after gestation​
Krebs, T.; Kilic, I.; Neuenroth, L.; Wasselin, T.; Ninov, M.; Tetens, J.   & Lenz, C. ​ (2022) 
PLoS One17(9) art. e0271057​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0271057 

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Krebs, Tony; Kilic, Isabel; Neuenroth, Lisa; Wasselin, Thierry; Ninov, Momchil; Tetens, Jens ; Lenz, Christof 
Bovine pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (boPAGs) are extensively glycosylated secretory proteins of trophoblast cells. Roughly 20 different boPAG members are known but their distribution patterns and degree of glycosylation during pregnancy are not well characterized. The objective of the present study was the development of a parallel reaction monitoring-based assay for the profiling of different boPAGs during pregnancy and after gestation. Furthermore, we investigated the effects of N-glycosylation on our analytical results. BoPAGs were purified from cotyledons of four different pregnancy stages. The assay detects 25 proteotypic peptides from 18 boPAGs in a single run. The highest abundances were found for boPAG 1 in both, glycosylated and deglycosylated samples. Strongest effects of glycosylation were detected during mid and late pregnancy as well as in afterbirth samples. Furthermore, we identified different boPAG-clusters based on the observed relative protein abundances between glycosylated and deglycosylated samples. A linkage between the impact of glycosylation and potential N-glycosylation sites or phylogenetic relation was not detected. In conclusion, the newly developed parallel reaction monitoring-based assay enables for the first time a comprehensive semi-quantitative profiling of 18 different boPAGs during pregnancy and post-partum on protein level, thereby investigating the influence of glycosylation. The results of this study provide new and important starting points to address further research on boPAGs to better understand their physiological role during pregnancy and for the development of new pregnancy detection tests.
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PLoS One 
Department für Nutztierwissenschaften ; Institut für Klinische Chemie ; Universitätsmedizin Göttingen ; Max-Planck-Institut für Multidisziplinäre Naturwissenschaften ; Zentrum für Integrierte Züchtungsforschung 
Working Group
RG Urlaub (Bioanalytische Massenspektrometrie) 
Landwirtschaftliche Rentenbank 501100018686
H. Wilhelm Schaumann Stiftung 501100019415
Open Access Publication Funds of the University of Goettingen



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