Hierarchical trait filtering at different spatial scales determines beetle assemblages in deadwood

2022 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Hierarchical trait filtering at different spatial scales determines beetle assemblages in deadwood​
Neff, F.; Hagge, J.; Achury, R.; Ambarlı, D.; Ammer, C. ; Schall, P.   & Seibold, S. et al.​ (2022) 
Functional Ecology, art. 1365-2435.14186​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.14186 

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Authors
Neff, Felix; Hagge, Jonas; Achury, Rafael; Ambarlı, Didem; Ammer, Christian ; Schall, Peter ; Seibold, Sebastian; Staab, Michael; Weisser, Wolfgang W.; Gossner, Martin M.
Abstract
nvironmental filters—including those resulting from biotic interactions—play a crucial role during the assembly of ecological communities. The importance of scale has thereby been acknowledged but filters at different scales have rarely been quantified in relation to each other, although these hierarchically nested filters eventually determine which communities assemble from a regional species pool. Saproxylic beetles offer an ideal system to study such hierarchically nested environmental filters. Three steps of filtering during the community assembly of these deadwood-dependent beetles are proposed. First, starting from a regional species pool, species must disperse to forest sites. Second, within a site, individuals need to find a patch with preferred microclimatic conditions. Third, the conditions of a single deadwood object (i.e. tree species identity, decomposition stage) at this patch will determine, which species colonise and establish. To study these hierarchical filters, we used unique long-term data ets of saproxylic beetle diversity from trap catches at 29 sites and from emergence traps on 694 experimentally installed deadwood logs at the same sites in three regions in Germany. To relate different environmental filters to beetle assemblages, we used a set of 13 functional traits that are hypothesised to relate to different filters at different scales. We show that all three hierarchical filtering steps resulted in reductions of functional diversity and simultaneous shifts in the functional composition of beetle assemblages, reflecting the roles of different traits in response to different filters. Trait composition changed most strongly at the last filtering step, that is, depended on tree species identity and decomposition stage. We showed that if community assembly is analysed as a hierarchical multi-step process based on data from different spatial scales, environmental filters can be quantified at these scales. As such, a better understanding of the role that different filters play at different spatial scales can be reached.
Issue Date
2022
Journal
Functional Ecology 
Organization
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie ; Burckhardt-Institut ; Abteilung Waldbau und Waldökologie der gemäßigten Zonen 
ISSN
0269-8463
eISSN
1365-2435
Language
English
Sponsor
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft https://doi.org/10.13039/501100001659
Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung https://doi.org/10.13039/501100001711

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