Integrating DNA Barcoding and Traditional Taxonomy for the Identification of Dipterocarps in Remnant Lowland Forests of Sumatra

2019 | journal article; research paper. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Integrating DNA Barcoding and Traditional Taxonomy for the Identification of Dipterocarps in Remnant Lowland Forests of Sumatra​
Moura, C. C. M.; Bado, K. J. H.; Brambach, F. ; Krutovsky, K. V. ; Kreft, H. ; Gailing, O.   & Carneiro de Melo Moura, C. et al.​ (2019) 
Plants8(11) pp. 461​.​ DOI: 

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Moura, C. C. M.; Bado, K. J. H.; Brambach, Fabian ; Krutovsky, Konstantin V. ; Kreft, Holger ; Gailing, Oliver ; Carneiro de Melo Moura, Carina; Jair Hernandez Bado, Kevin; Tjitrosoedirdjo, Sri Sudarmiyati
DNA barcoding has been used as a universal tool for phylogenetic inferences and diversity assessments, especially in poorly studied species and regions. The aim of this study was to contrast morphological taxonomy and DNA barcoding, using the three frequently used markers matK, rbcL, and trnL-F, to assess the efficiency of DNA barcoding in the identification of dipterocarps in Sumatra, Indonesia. The chloroplast gene matK was the most polymorphic among these three markers with an average interspecific genetic distance of 0.020. The results of the molecular data were mostly in agreement with the morphological identification for the clades of Anthoshorea, Hopea, Richetia, Parashorea, and Anisoptera, nonetheless these markers were inefficient to resolve the relationships within the Rubroshorea group. The maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference phylogenies identified Shorea as a paraphyletic genus, Anthoshorea appeared as sister to Hopea, and Richetia was sister to Parashorea. A better discriminatory power among dipterocarp species provided by matK and observed in our study suggests that this marker has a higher evolutionary rate than the other two markers tested. However, a combination of several different barcoding markers is essential for reliable identification of the species at a lower taxonomic level.
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SFB 990: Ökologische und sozioökonomische Funktionen tropischer Tieflandregenwald-Transformationssysteme (Sumatra, Indonesien) 
SFB 990 | B | B06: Taxonomische, funktionelle, phylogenetische und biogeographische Diversität vaskulärer Pflanzen in Regenwald-Transformationssystemen auf Sumatra (Indonesien) 
SFB 990 | B | B14: Phylogenetische Rekonstruktion von Artengemeinschaften mittels DNA-Barcoding – Zusammenhang zwischen phylogenetischer und funktionaler Diversität im Landschaftskontext 
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie ; Büsgen-Institut ; Burckhardt-Institut ; Abteilung Forstgenetik und Forstpflanzenzüchtung ; Abteilung Biodiversität, Makroökologie und Biogeographie 
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft



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