Breath figure templated self-assembly of surface-acylated cellulose nanowhiskers confined as honeycomb films

2021-10-13 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Liu H, Pang B, Zhang K. ​Breath figure templated self-assembly of surface-acylated cellulose nanowhiskers confined as honeycomb films​. ​​Cellulose. ​2021;​28​(17):​​10939​-10951​. ​doi:10.1007/s10570-021-04245-3. 

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Authors
Liu, Huan; Pang, Bo; Zhang, Kai
Abstract
Abstract The self-assembly of cellulose nanowhiskers (CNWs) in confined geometries provides a powerful method for the fabrication of novel structures. Herein, ordered honeycomb microporous films were first prepared with surface-acylated CNWs (CNWs-SU) through the breath figure method. Resulting films showed highly porous order over large regions and the iridescent color was only displayed by their rims, which is different from traditional dish-cast CNW films showing the iridescent color over the whole area. This is mainly due to the condensation of water droplets forming three-dimensional (3D) geometry, which forced CNWs-SU to self-assemble into cholesteric architectures in confined geometry and resulted in the iridescent color of the rims after drying. The mechanism was further studied by investigating the critical influencing factors, primarily the concentration of CNW-SU suspensions, the relative humidity of the atmosphere and the surface-attached moieties. In particular, CNW-SU suspensions with a concentration of 3 mg/mL at the relative humidity of 75% preferentially formed honeycomb films with uniform pores. Too low or too high concentrations of CNW-SU suspensions or relative humidity are not preferable for uniform porous films. CNWs-SU with further immobilized octadecane or fluoroalkyl groups on their surface strongly affected the formation of uniform porous films because of higher hydrophobicity and accompanying inhomogeneous condensation of water droplets. This work provides a novel method to study the interactions of CNWs beyond the planar geometry and the formation of uniform porous films solely with CNWs with structural colors open up interesting possibilities for broad application in photonic nanomaterials. Graphic abstract
Issue Date
13-October-2021
Journal
Cellulose 
Organization
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie ; Burckhardt-Institut ; Abteilung Holztechnologie und Holzwerkstoffe 
ISSN
0969-0239
eISSN
1572-882X
Language
English
Sponsor
deutsche forschungsgemeinschaft http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100001659
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen (1018)

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