Investigation and Prediction of the Land Use/Land Cover (LU/LC) and Land Surface Temperature (LST) Changes for Mashhad City in Iran during 1990–2030

2023-04-19 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Investigation and Prediction of the Land Use/Land Cover (LU/LC) and Land Surface Temperature (LST) Changes for Mashhad City in Iran during 1990–2030​
Mansourmoghaddam, M.; Rousta, I.; Cabral, P.; Ali, A. A. ; Olafsson, H.; Zhang, H. & Krzyszczak, J.​ (2023) 
Atmosphere14(4).​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos14040741 

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Authors
Mansourmoghaddam, Mohammad; Rousta, Iman; Cabral, Pedro; Ali, Ashehad A. ; Olafsson, Haraldur; Zhang, Hao; Krzyszczak, Jaromir
Abstract
Studies on how cities are affected by urban heat islands (UHI) are critical nowadays for a better understanding of the connected effects and for providing helpful insights for sustainable city development planning. In this study, Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper (TM), Landsat-7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper+ (ETM+), and Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) images were used to assess the dynamics of the spatiotemporal pattern of land use/land cover (LU/LC) and land surface temperature (LST) in the metropolitan city of Mashhad, Iran in the period between 1990 and 2019. The Markov chain model (MCM) was used to predict LU/LC and LST for 2030. In the analyzed LU/LC maps, three LU/LC classes were distinguished, including built-up land (BUL), vegetated land (VL), and bare land (BL) using the maximum likelihood (ML) classification method. The collected data showed different variations in the geographical pattern of Mashhad LST during the research period that impacted the LST in this metropolis. The study evaluated the variations in LU/LC classes and evaluated their impact on the LST. The value of the LST was positively correlated with the occurrence of the built-up land (BUL), and with the bare land areas, while it was negatively correlated with the occurrence of the VL areas. The analysis of changes observed over three decades with 10-year intervals and the prediction of the LU/LC and LST for 2030 constitute an important contribution to the delineation of the dynamics of long LU/LC and LST records. These innovative results may have an important impact on policymaking fostering environmental sustainability, such as the control and management of urban expansion of Mashhad in connection with UHI.
Issue Date
19-April-2023
Journal
Atmosphere 
Organization
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie ; Büsgen-Institut ; Abteilung Bioklimatologie 
eISSN
2073-4433
Language
English
Sponsor
Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Commission
FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia)

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