Collective Langevin dynamics of conformational motions in proteins

2006 | journal article

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​Collective Langevin dynamics of conformational motions in proteins​
Lange, O. F. & Grubmüller, H. ​ (2006) 
The Journal of Chemical Physics124(21) art. 214903​.​ DOI: 

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Lange, Oliver F.; Grubmüller, Helmut 
Functionally relevant slow conformational motions of proteins are, at present, in most cases inaccessible to molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The main reason is that the major part of the computational effort is spend for the accurate description of a huge number of high frequency motions of the protein and the surrounding solvent. The accumulated influence of these fluctuations is crucial for a correct treatment of the conformational dynamics; however, their details can be considered irrelevant for most purposes. To accurately describe long time protein dynamics we here propose a reduced dimension approach, collective Langevin dynamics (CLD), which evolves the dynamics of the system within a small subspace of relevant collective degrees of freedom. The dynamics within the low-dimensional conformational subspace is evolved via a generalized Langevin equation which accounts for memory effects via memory kernels also extracted from short explicit MD simulations. To determine the memory kernel with differing levels of regularization, we propose and evaluate two methods. As a first test, CLD is applied to describe the conformational motion of the peptide neurotensin. A drastic dimension reduction is achieved by considering one single curved conformational coordinate. CLD yielded accurate thermodynamical and dynamical behaviors. In particular, the rate of transitions between two conformational states agreed well with a rate obtained from a 150ns reference molecular dynamics simulation, despite the fact that the time scale of the transition (∼50ns) was much longer than the 1ns molecular dynamics simulation from which the memory kernel was extracted.
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The Journal of Chemical Physics 



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