Metal dyshomeostasis in the substantia nigra of patients with Parkinson's disease or multiple sclerosis

2024 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Metal dyshomeostasis in the substantia nigra of patients with Parkinson's disease or multiple sclerosis​
Carmona, A.; Carboni, E.; Gomes, L. C.; Roudeau, S.; Maass, F.; Lenz, C. & Ortega, R. et al.​ (2024) 
Journal of Neurochemistry168(2) pp. 128​-141​.​ DOI: 

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Carmona, Asuncion; Carboni, Eleonora; Gomes, Lucas Caldi; Roudeau, Stéphane; Maass, Fabian; Lenz, Christof; Ortega, Richard; Lingor, Paul
Abstract Abnormal metal distribution in vulnerable brain regions is involved in the pathogenesis of most neurodegenerative diseases, suggesting common molecular mechanisms of metal dyshomeostasis. This study aimed to compare the intra‐ and extra‐neuronal metal content and the expression of proteins related to metal homeostasis in the substantia nigra (SN) from patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple sclerosis (MS), and control subjects. Metal quantification was performed via ion‐beam micro‐analysis in neuromelanin‐positive neurons and the surrounding tissue. For proteomic analysis, SN tissue lysates were analyzed on a nanoflow chromatography system hyphenated to a hybrid triple‐quadrupole time‐of‐flight mass spectrometer. We found increased amounts of iron in neuromelanin‐positive neurons and surrounding tissue in patients with PD and MS compared to controls (4‐ to 5‐fold higher) that, however, also showed large inter‐individual variations. Copper content was systematically lower (−2.4‐fold) in neuromelanin‐positive neurons of PD patients compared with controls, whereas it remained unchanged in MS. Protein–protein interaction (PPI) network analyses revealed clusters related to Fe and Cu homeostasis among PD‐deregulated proteins. An enrichment for the term “ metal homeostasis” was observed for MS‐deregulated proteins. Important deregulated hub proteins included hemopexin and transferrin in PD, and calreticulin and ferredoxin reductase in MS. Our findings show that PD and MS share commonalities in terms of iron accumulation in the SN. Concomitant proteomics experiments revealed PPI networks related to metal homeostasis, substantiating the results of metal quantification.
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Journal of Neurochemistry 



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