Documents & Media
- Lowe, H.; Mueller, P.; Zippelius, Annette
- In order to study rheological properties of gelling systems in dilute solution, we investigate the viscosity and the normal stresses in the Zimm model [B. H. Zimm, J. Chem. Phys. 24, 269 (1956)]. for randomly cross-linked monomers. The distribution of cluster topologies and sizes is assumed to be given either by Erdos-Renyi random graphs or three-dimensional bond percolation. Within this model the critical behavior of the viscosity and of the first normal stress coefficient is determined by the power-law scaling of their averages over clusters of a given size n with n. We investigate these scaling relations numerically and conclude that the scaling exponents are independent of the hydrodynamic interaction strength. The numerically determined exponents agree well with experimental data for branched polymers. However, we show that this traditional model of polymer physics is not able to yield a critical divergence at the gel point of the viscosity for a polydisperse dilute solution of gelation clusters. A generally accepted scaling relation for the Zimm exponent of the viscosity is thereby disproved. (C) 2005 American Institute of Physics.
- Issue Date
- Amer Inst Physics
- The Journal of Chemical Physics
- 1089-7690; 0021-9606