Kaolakia borealis nov gen. et sp (Porellales, Jungermanniopsida): A leafy liverwort from the Cretaceous of Alaska

2011 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Kaolakia borealis nov gen. et sp (Porellales, Jungermanniopsida): A leafy liverwort from the Cretaceous of Alaska​
Heinrichs, J.; Reiner-Drehwald, M. E. ; Feldberg, K. ; Grimaldi, D. A.; Nascimbene, P. C.; Von Konrat, M. & Schmidt, A. R. ​ (2011) 
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology165(3-4) pp. 235​-240​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2011.04.002 

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Heinrichs, Jochen; Reiner-Drehwald, M. Elena ; Feldberg, Kathrin ; Grimaldi, David A.; Nascimbene, Paul C.; Von Konrat, Matt; Schmidt, Alexander R. 
Mesozoic bryophyte fossils are rare and often assigned to form genera only. Here, we describe a fragment of a leafy liverwort preserved in Cenomanian amber from northern Alaska, and place it in a new genus, Kaolakia. The extinct species Kaolakia borealis resembles the extant Frullaniaceae in having perianths with a beak, as well as complicate-bibbed incubous leaves with a Frullania-type water sac; however, two water sacs are consistently present on each side of the stem. This character resembles Lepidolaenaceae and Goebeliellaceae, although the extant members of these families have coelocaules or truncate perianths. Thus our fossil likely represents an extinct lineage with affinities to Porellales, the primarily epiphytic clade of the leafy liverworts, and is possibly closely related to Frullaniaceae. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 
Albrecht-von-Haller-Institut für Pflanzenwissenschaften ; Courant Forschungszentrum Geobiologie 
1879-0615; 0034-6667



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