Short-term changes in amino sugar-specific delta C-13 values after application of C4 and C3 sucrose

2015 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Short-term changes in amino sugar-specific delta C-13 values after application of C4 and C3 sucrose​
Indorf, C.; Dyckmans, J. & Joergensen, R. G.​ (2015) 
Soil Biology and Biochemistry91 pp. 92​-98​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.08.028 

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Authors
Indorf, Caroline; Dyckmans, Jens; Joergensen, Rainer Georg
Abstract
Amino sugars are useful indicators for the accumulation of microbial residues. A 14-day incubation experiment with C4 and C3 sucrose additions was carried out to investigate the relationships between amino sugar-specific shifts in delta C-13 values and those of CO2 production, microbial biomass C, K2SO4 extractable C and soil organic C (SOC). High performance anion exchange chromatography (HPAEC-IRMS) was able to measure amino-sugar specific delta C-13 values for muramic acid (MurN), galactosamine (GaIN), and glucosamine (GIcN) in the range of natural abundance. At day 7, the initial application of C4 sucrose significantly increased the delta C-13 value of MurN by 1.0%(0) in comparison with the non-amended control treatment, whereas that of GaIN and GIcN remained unchanged. This significant increase had disappeared by day 14. This means that the HPAEC-IRMS method is not useful for short-term incubation experiments in the natural abundance range, as the pool size, especially of GaIN and GIcN, was too large for a significant response in delta C-13 values. The delta C-13 values significantly decreased in the order MurN (-23.2%(0)) > GaIN (-25.7%(0)) > GIcN (-26.5%(0)) in the control treatment. Similar delta C-13 values were measured in GlcN, microbial biomass C, and SOC. MurN exhibited delta C-13 values similar to the K2SO4 extractable fraction. These results may be caused by differences in the access of bacteria and fungi to different SOC fractions or differences in metabolic fractionation in bacteria and fungi. C3 sucrose application without further nutrient supply seven days after C4 sucrose application together with N and P led to strong mineralization of freshly formed microbial residues. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Issue Date
2015
Status
published
Publisher
Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Journal
Soil Biology and Biochemistry 
ISSN
0038-0717

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