Root discrimination of closely related crop and weed species using FT MIR-ATR spectroscopy

2015 | journal article; research paper. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Root discrimination of closely related crop and weed species using FT MIR-ATR spectroscopy​
Meinen, C.   & Rauber, R.​ (2015) 
Frontiers in Plant Science6 art. 765​.​ DOI: 

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Meinen, Catharina ; Rauber, Rolf
Root discrimination of species is a pre-condition for studying belowground competition processes between crop and weed species. In this experiment, we tested Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT MIR)-attenuated total reflection (AIR) spectroscopy to discriminate roots of closely related crop and weed species grown in the greenhouse: maize/barnyard grass, barley/wild oat, wheat/blackgrass (Poaceae), and sugar beet/common lambsquarters (Chenopodiaceae). Fresh (moist) and dried root segments as well as ground roots were analyzed by FT MIR-ATR spectroscopy. Root absorption spectra showed species specific peak distribution and peak height. A clear separation according to species was not possible with fresh root segments. Dried root segments (including root basis, middle section, and root tip) of maize/barnyard grass and sugar beet/common lambsquarters formed completely separated species clusters. Wheat and blackgrass separated in species specific clusters when root tips were removed from cluster analysis. A clear separation of dried root segments according to species was not possible in the case of barley and wild oat. Cluster analyses of ground roots revealed a 100% separation of all tested crop and weed species combinations. Spectra grouped in Poaceae and Chenopodiaceae clusters. Within the Poaceae cluster, C-3 and C-4 species differed significantly in heterogeneity. Thus, root spectra reflected the degree of kinship. To quantify species proportion in root mixtures, a two- and a three-species model for species quantification in root mixtures of maize, barnyard grass, and wild oat was calculated. The models showed low standard errors of prediction (RMSEP) and high residual predictive deviation values in an external test set validation. Hence, FT MIR-ATR spectroscopy seems to be a promising tool for root research even between closely related plant species.
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Frontiers Media S.A.
Frontiers in Plant Science 
Department für Nutzpflanzenwissenschaften ; Fakultät für Agrarwissenschaften ; Abteilung Pflanzenbau 
Open-Access Publikationsfonds 2015



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