Warming increases hotspot areas of enzyme activity and shortens the duration of hot moments in the root-detritusphere

2017 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Warming increases hotspot areas of enzyme activity and shortens the duration of hot moments in the root-detritusphere​
Ma, X.; Razavi, B. S.; Holz, M.; Blagodatskaya, E. & Kuzyakov, Y.​ (2017) 
Soil Biology and Biochemistry107 pp. 226​-233​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.01.009 

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Authors
Ma, Xiaomin; Razavi, Bahar S.; Holz, Maire; Blagodatskaya, Evgenia; Kuzyakov, Yakov
Abstract
Temperature effects on enzyme kinetics and on the spatial distribution of microbial hotspots are important because they are crucial to soil organic matter decomposition. We Used soil zymography (in situ method for the two dimensional quantification of enzyme activities) to study the spatial distributions of enzymes responsible for P (phosphatase), C (cellobiohydrolase) and N (leucine-aminopeptidase) cycles in the rhizosphere (living roots of maize) and root-detritusphere (7 and 14 days after cutting shoots). Soil zymography was coupled with enzyme kinetics to test temperature effects (10, 20, 30 and 40 C) on the dynamics and localization of these three enzymes in the root-detritusphere. The percentage area of enzyme activity hotspots was 1.9-7.9 times larger and their extension was broader in the root-detritusphere compared to rhizosphere. From 10 to 30 C, the hotspot areas enlarged by a factor of 2 24 and V-max increased by 1.5-6.6 times; both, however, decreased at 40 C. For the first time, we found a close positive correlation between Vmax and the areas of enzyme activity hotspots, indicating that maximum reaction rate is coupled with hotspot formation. The substrate turnover time at 30 C were 1.7 6.7-fold faster than at 10 C. The Km of cellobiohydrolase and phosphatase significantly increased at 30 and 40 C, indicating low affinity between enzyme and substrate at warm temperatures. We conclude that soil warming (at least up to 30 C) increases hotspot areas of enzyme activity and the maximum reaction rate (V-max,) in the root-detritusphere. This, in turn, leads to faster substrate exhaustion and shortens the duration of hot moments.
Issue Date
2017
Status
published
Publisher
Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
Journal
Soil Biology and Biochemistry 
ISSN
0038-0717

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