Complex formation in binary propionic acid-triethylamine mixtures: A dielectric relaxation and titration study

2003 | journal article. A publication of Göttingen

Jump to: Cite & Linked | Documents & Media | Details | Version history

Cite this publication

​Complex formation in binary propionic acid-triethylamine mixtures: A dielectric relaxation and titration study​
Orzechowski, K.; Pajdowska, M.; Fuchs, K. & Kaatze, U.​ (2003) 
The Journal of Chemical Physics119(16) pp. 8558​-8566​.​ DOI: 

Documents & Media


GRO License GRO License


Orzechowski, Kazimierz; Pajdowska, M.; Fuchs, K.; Kaatze, Udo
Complex (dielectric) permittivity spectra of propionic acid-triethylamine mixtures have been measured using four different frequency domain methods to cover the frequency range from 1 MHz to 40 GHz. At 20 degreesC spectra have been determined at eight mole fractions x(b) of base between 0.11 and 0.8. For one mixture (x(b)=0.3) measurements have been performed at ten temperatures between -20 degreesC and 25 degreesC. Additionally, the extrapolated low frequency (static) permittivity of the propionic acid triethylamine system has been obtained at 0less than or equal tox(b)less than or equal to1 from titration measurements in the frequency range between 1 MHz and 1 GHz. The spectra exhibit a dielectric relaxation in the microwave region, subject to a small unsymmetric relaxation time distribution, and an extrapolated high frequency permittivity epsilon(infinity) which noticeably exceeds the squared optical refractive index n(D)(2). The microwave relaxation is discussed in terms of acid-base complexes in the liquid, including proton transfer complexes. The dielectric spectra do not evidence a clear stoichiometric composition of the complex structures. The gap between epsilon(infinity) and n(D)(2) is assigned to significant contributions from atomic polarization and the dielectric dispersion due to the reorientational motions of dipolar acid and base molecules. (C) 2003 American Institute of Physics.
Issue Date
Amer Inst Physics
The Journal of Chemical Physics 



Social Media