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Relaxation rate and scaling function of the critical system 3-methylpentane-nitroethane-cyclohexane
Iwanowski, I.; Mirzaev, S. Z. & Kaatzeb, U. (2008)
The Journal of Chemical Physics, 129(6) art. 064516. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2965521
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- Iwanowski, Ireneusz; Mirzaev, Sirojiddin Z.; Kaatzeb, U.
- The critical system 3-methylpentane-nitroethane-cyclohexane (3-MP-NE-CH) has been investigated and compared to the limiting binary systems 3-MP-NE as well as NE-CH in order to study the degree of renormalization in the critical exponents of the ternary system. The solubility curves of the 3-MP-NE-CH system have been determined at various molar ratios of the nonpolar constituents in order to obtain the plait points as a function of mixture composition. At the col point (the mixture with the lowest transition temperature) and two further plait point compositions shear viscosity, dynamic light scattering, and frequency-dependent ultrasonic attenuation coefficient measurements have been performed as a function of temperature near the critical temperatures. The fluctuation correlation length and the relaxation rate of fluctuations display power law behavior as a function of reduced temperature, with universal critical exponents nu=0.63 and nu Z(0)=1.928, respectively, as characteristic for binary critical mixtures. In conformity with the 3-MP-NE and NE-CH critical mixtures the scaling function in the ultrasonic spectra nicely agrees with the empirical scaling function of the Bhattacharjee-Ferrell dynamic scaling theory. Hence with respect to power laws and scaling the 3-MP-NE-CH system behaves like a quasibinary mixture. The individual amplitudes of the relaxation rate show a minimum at the col point composition, corresponding with a maximum in the background viscosity of the liquids. The amount of the adiabatic coupling constant g, derived from the amplitudes in the ultrasonic spectra, increases monotonously when going from NE-CH (vertical bar g vertical bar=0.1) to 3-MP-NE (vertical bar g vertical bar=0.26).
- Issue Date
- Amer Inst Physics
- The Journal of Chemical Physics