Testing the plant pneumatic method to estimate xylem embolism resistance in stems of temperate trees

2018 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Testing the plant pneumatic method to estimate xylem embolism resistance in stems of temperate trees​
Zhang, Y.; Lamarque, L. J.; Torres-Ruiz, J. M.; Schuldt, B.; Karimi, Z.; Li, S. & Qin, D.-W. et al.​ (2018) 
Tree Physiology38(7) pp. 1016​-1025​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpy015 

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Authors
Zhang, Ya; Lamarque, Laurent J.; Torres-Ruiz, José M.; Schuldt, Bernhard; Karimi, Zohreh; Li, Shan; Qin, De-Wen; Bittencourt, Paulo; Burlett, Régis; Cao, Kun-Fang; Delzon, Sylvain; Oliveira, Rafael; Pereira, Luciano; Jansen, Steven
Abstract
Methods to estimate xylem embolism resistance generally rely on hydraulic measurements, which can be far from straightforward. Recently, a pneumatic method based on air flow measurements of terminal branch ends was proposed to construct vulnerability curves by linking the amount of air extracted from a branch with the degree of embolism. We applied this novel technique for 10 temperate tree species, including six diffuse, two ring-porous and two gymnosperm species, and compared the pneumatic curves with hydraulic ones obtained from either the flow-centrifuge or the hydraulic-bench dehydration method. We found that the pneumatic method provides a good estimate of the degree of xylem embolism for all angiosperm species. The xylem pressure at 50% and 88% loss of hydraulic conductivity (i.e., Ψ50 and Ψ88) based on the methods applied showed a strongly significant correlation for all eight angiosperms. However, the pneumatic method showed significantly reduced Ψ50 values for the two conifers. Our findings suggest that the pneumatic method could provide a fast and accurate approach for angiosperms due to its convenience and feasibility, at least within the range of embolism resistances covered by our samples.
Issue Date
2018
Journal
Tree Physiology 
Organization
Albrecht-von-Haller-Institut für Pflanzenwissenschaften 
ISSN
1758-4469
Language
English

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