The green microalga Lobosphaera incisa harbours an arachidonate 15 S‐lipoxygenase

2018 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​The green microalga Lobosphaera incisa harbours an arachidonate 15 S‐lipoxygenase​
Djian, B.; Hornung, E.; Ischebeck, T. & Feussner, I.​ (2018) 
Plant Biology21(S1) pp. 131​-142​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/plb.12920 

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Authors
Djian, B.; Hornung, E.; Ischebeck, T.; Feussner, I.
Abstract
The green microalga Lobosphaera incisa is an oleaginous eukaryotic alga that is rich in arachidonic acid (20:4). Being rich in this polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), however, makes it sensitive to oxidation. In plants, lipoxygenases (LOXs) are the major enzymes that oxidise these molecules. • Here, we describe, to our best knowledge, the first characterisation of a cDNA encoding a LOX (LiLOX) from a green alga. To obtain first insights into its function, we expressed it in E. coli, purified the recombinant enzyme and analysed its enzyme activity. • The protein sequence suggests that LiLOX and plastidic LOXs from bryophytes and flowering plants may share a common ancestor. The fact that LiLOX oxidises all PUFAs tested with a consistent oxidation on the carbon n-6, suggests that PUFAs enter the substrate channel through their methyl group first (tail first). Additionally, LiLOX form the fatty acid hydroperoxide in strict S configuration. • LiLOX may represent a good model to study plastid LOX, because it is stable after heterologous expression in E. coli and highly active in vitro. Moreover, as the first characterised LOX from green microalgae, it opens the possibility to study endogenous LOX pathways in these organisms.
Issue Date
2018
Journal
Plant Biology 
Project
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/266401/EU//GIAVAP
Organization
Albrecht-von-Haller-Institut für Pflanzenwissenschaften ; Abteilung Biochemie der Pflanze ; Göttinger Zentrum für Molekulare Biowissenschaften ; International Center for Advanced Studies of Energy Conversion 
Language
English

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