Anillin facilitates septin assembly to prevent pathological outfoldings of central nervous system myelin

2019 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Anillin facilitates septin assembly to prevent pathological outfoldings of central nervous system myelin​
Erwig, M. S.; Patzig, J. ; Steyer, A. M.; Dibaj, P. ; Heilmann, M.; Heilmann, I.   & Jung, R. B. et al.​ (2019) 
eLife8.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.43888 

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Authors
Erwig, Michelle S.; Patzig, Julia ; Steyer, Anna M.; Dibaj, Payam ; Heilmann, Mareike; Heilmann, Ingo ; Jung, Ramona B.; Kusch, Kathrin ; Möbius, Wiebke ; Jahn, Olaf ; Nave, Klaus-Armin ; Werner, Hauke B. 
Abstract
Myelin serves as an axonal insulator that facilitates rapid nerve conduction along axons. By transmission electron microscopy, a healthy myelin sheath comprises compacted membrane layers spiraling around the cross-sectioned axon. Previously we identified the assembly of septin filaments in the innermost non-compacted myelin layer as one of the latest steps of myelin maturation in the central nervous system (CNS) (Patzig et al., 2016). Here we show that loss of the cytoskeletal adaptor protein anillin (ANLN) from oligodendrocytes disrupts myelin septin assembly, thereby causing the emergence of pathological myelin outfoldings. Since myelin outfoldings are a poorly understood hallmark of myelin disease and brain aging we assessed axon/myelin-units in Anln-mutant mice by focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM); myelin outfoldings were three-dimensionally reconstructed as large sheets of multiple compact membrane layers. We suggest that anillin-dependent assembly of septin filaments scaffolds mature myelin sheaths, facilitating rapid nerve conduction in the healthy CNS.
Issue Date
2019
Journal
eLife 
ISSN
2050-084X
eISSN
2050-084X
Language
English

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