Cite this publication
Dynamic water/fat separation and B0 inhomogeneity mapping-joint estimation using undersampled triple-echo multi-spoke radial FLASH
Tan, Z.; Voit, D.; Kollmeier, J. M.; Uecker, M. & Frahm, J. (2019)
Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 82(3) pp. 1000-1011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/mrm.27795
Documents & Media
- Tan, Zhengguo; Voit, Dirk; Kollmeier, Jost M.; Uecker, Martin ; Frahm, Jens
- To achieve dynamic water/fat separation and B0 field inhomogeneity mapping via model-based reconstructions of undersampled triple-echo multi-spoke radial FLASH acquisitions.
Purpose To achieve dynamic water/fat separation and urn:x-wiley:07403194:media:mrm27795:mrm27795-math-0020 field inhomogeneity mapping via model‐based reconstructions of undersampled triple‐echo multi‐spoke radial FLASH acquisitions. Methods This work introduces an undersampled triple‐echo multi‐spoke radial FLASH sequence, which uses (i) complementary radial spokes per echo train for faster spatial encoding, (ii) asymmetric echoes for flexible and nonuniform echo spacing, and (iii) a golden angle increment across frames for optimal k‐space coverage. Joint estimation of water, fat, urn:x-wiley:07403194:media:mrm27795:mrm27795-math-0021 inhomogeneity, and coil sensitivity maps from undersampled triple‐echo data poses a nonlinear and non‐convex inverse problem which is solved by a model‐based reconstruction with suitable regularization. The developed methods are validated using phantom experiments with different degrees of undersampling. Real‐time MRI studies of the knee, liver, and heart are conducted without prospective gating or retrospective data sorting at temporal resolutions of 70, 158, and 40 ms, respectively. Results Up to 18‐fold undersampling is achieved in this work. Even in the presence of rapid physiological motion, large urn:x-wiley:07403194:media:mrm27795:mrm27795-math-0022 field inhomogeneities, and phase wrapping, the model‐based reconstruction yields reliably separated water/fat maps in conjunction with spatially smooth inhomogeneity maps. Conclusions The combination of a triple‐echo acquisition and joint reconstruction technique provides a practical solution to time‐resolved and motion robust water/fat separation at high spatial and temporal resolution.
- Issue Date
- Magnetic Resonance in Medicine