Ecological and socio-economic functions across tropical land use systems after rainforest conversion

2016 | journal article; research paper. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Ecological and socio-economic functions across tropical land use systems after rainforest conversion​
Drescher, J. ; Rembold, K. ; Allen, K. ; Beckschäfer, P. ; Buchori, D. ; Clough, Y.   & Faust, H.  et al.​ (2016) 
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences371(1694) art. 20150275​.​ DOI: 

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Drescher, Jochen ; Rembold, Katja ; Allen, Kara ; Beckschäfer, Philip ; Buchori, Damayanti ; Clough, Yann ; Faust, Heiko ; Fauzi, Anas M.; Gunawan, Dodo; Hertel, Dietrich ; Irawan, Bambang; Jaya, I. Nengah Surati; Klarner, Bernhard ; Kleinn, Christoph ; Knohl, Alexander ; Kotowska, Martyna M.; Krashevska, Valentyna ; Krishna, Vijesh V. ; Leuschner, Christoph ; Lorenz, Wolfram ; Meijide, Ana ; Melati, Dian Nuraini ; Nomura, Miki; Pérez-Cruzado, César ; Qaim, Matin ; Siregar, Iskandar Z.; Steinebach, Stefanie ; Tjoa, Aiyen; Tscharntke, Teja ; Wick, Barbara ; Wiegand, Kerstin ; Kreft, Holger ; Scheu, Stefan 
Tropical lowland rainforests are increasingly threatened by the expansion of agriculture and the extraction of natural resources. In Jambi Province, Indonesia, the interdisciplinary EFForTS project focuses on the ecological and socio-economic dimensions of rainforest conversion to jungle rubber agroforests and monoculture plantations of rubber and oil palm. Our data confirm that rainforest transformation and land use intensification lead to substantial losses in biodiversity and related ecosystem functions, such as decreased above- and below-ground carbon stocks. Owing to rapid step-wise transformation from forests to agroforests to monoculture plantations and renewal of each plantation type every few decades, the converted land use systems are continuously dynamic, thus hampering the adaptation of animal and plant communities. On the other hand, agricultural rainforest transformation systems provide increased income and access to education, especially for migrant smallholders. Jungle rubber and rubber monocultures are associated with higher financial land productivity but lower financial labour productivity compared to oil palm, which influences crop choice: smallholders that are labour-scarce would prefer oil palm while land-scarce smallholders would prefer rubber. Collecting long-term data in an interdisciplinary context enables us to provide decision-makers and stakeholders with scientific insights to facilitate the reconciliation between economic interests and ecological sustainability in tropical agricultural landscapes.
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Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 
SFB 990: Ökologische und sozioökonomische Funktionen tropischer Tieflandregenwald-Transformationssysteme (Sumatra, Indonesien) 
SFB 990 | A | A03: Untersuchung von Land-Atmosphäre Austauschprozesse in Landnutzungsänderungs-Systemen 
SFB 990 | B | B04: Pflanzenproduktivität und Ressourcenaufteilung im Wurzelraum entlang von Gradienten tropischer Landnutzungsintensität und Baumartenvielfalt 
SFB 990 | B | B05: Land use patterns in Jambi - quantification of structure, heterogeneity and changes of vegetation and land use as a basis for the explanation of ecological and socioeconomic functions 
SFB 990 | B | B08: Struktur und Funktion des Zersetzersystems in Transformationssystemen von Tiefland-Regenwäldern 
SFB 990 | B | B09: Oberirdische Biodiversitätsmuster und Prozesse in Regenwaldtransformations-Landschaften 
SFB 990 | B | B10: Landschaftsbezogene Bewertung der ökologischen und sozioökonomischen Funktionen von Regenwald- Transformationssystemen in Sumatra (Indonesien) 
SFB 990 | C | C07: Einflussfaktoren von Landnutzungswandel und sozioökonomische Auswirkungen für ländliche Haushalte 
SFB 990 | Z | Z02: Central Scientific Support Unit 
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie ; Büsgen-Institut ; Burckhardt-Institut ; Abteilung Ökosystemmodellierung ; Department für Agrarökonomie und Rurale Entwicklung ; Abteilung Bioklimatologie ; Abteilung Ökopedologie der Tropen und Subtropen ; Abteilung Biodiversität, Makroökologie und Biogeographie ; Abteilung Waldinventur und Fernerkundung ; Abteilung Agrarökologie 



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