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The covalent interaction between dihydrogen and gold: A rotational spectroscopic study of H2-AuCl
Obenchain, D. A. ; Frank, D. S.; Grubbs, G. S.; Pickett, H. M. & Novick, S. E. (2017)
The Journal of Chemical Physics, 146(20) pp. 204302. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4983042
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- Obenchain, Daniel A. ; Frank, Derek S.; Grubbs, G. S.; Pickett, Herbert M.; Novick, Stewart E.
- The pure rotational transitions of H2-AuCl have been measured using a pulsed-jet cavity Fourier transform microwave spectrometer equipped with a laser ablation source. The structure was found to be T-shaped, with the H-H bond interacting with the gold atom. Both 35Cl and 37Cl isotopologues have been measured for both ortho and para states of H2. Rotational constants, quartic centrifugal distortion constants, and nuclear quadrupole coupling constants for gold and chlorine have been determined. The use of the nuclear spin-nuclear spin interaction terms Daa, Dbb, and Dcc for H2 were required to fit the ortho state of hydrogen, as well as a nuclear-spin rotation constant Caa. The values of the nuclear quadrupole coupling constant of gold are χaa=-817.9929(35) MHz, χbb=504.0(27) MHz, and χcc=314.0(27). This is large compared to the eQq of AuCl, 9.63 312(13) MHz, which indicates a strong, covalent interaction between gold and dihydrogen.
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- The Journal of Chemical Physics