In Vivo 3D MRI Staining of Mouse Brain After Subcutaneous Application of MnCl2

2002 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Watanabe T, Natt O, Boretius S, Frahm J, Michaelis T. ​In Vivo 3D MRI Staining of Mouse Brain After Subcutaneous Application of MnCl2​. ​​Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. ​2002;​48​(5):​​852​-859​. ​doi:10.1002/mrm.10276. 

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Watanabe, Takashi ; Natt, Oliver ; Boretius, Susann ; Frahm, Jens ; Michaelis, Thomas 
Follow-up T1-weighted 3D gradient-echo MRI (2.35 T) of murine brain in vivo (N = 5) at 120 μm isotropic resolution revealed spatially distinct signal increases 6–48 hr after subcutaneous application of MnCl2 (20 mg/kg). The effects result from a shortening of the water proton T1 relaxation time due to the presence of unchelated paramagnetic Mn2+ ions, which access the brain by systemic circulation and crossing of the blood–brain barrier (BBB). A pronounced Mn2+-induced signal enhancement was first seen in structures without a BBB, such as the choroid plexus, pituitary gland, and pineal gland. Within 24 hr after administration, Mn2+ contrast highlighted the olfactory bulb, inferior colliculi, cerebellum, and the CA3 subfield of the hippocampus. The affinity of Mn2+ to various brain systems suggests the neuronal uptake of Mn2+ ions from the extracellular space and subsequent axonal transport. Thus, at least part of the Mn2+ contrast reflects a functional brain response of behaving animals, for example, in the olfactory system. In vivo MRI staining of the brain by systemic administration of MnCl2 may contribute to phenotyping mutant mice with morphologic and functional alterations of the central nervous system. Magn Reson Med 48:852–859, 2002. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 



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