Feeding ecology of the wolf (Canis lupus) in a near-natural ecosystem in Mongolia

2021 | journal article; research paper. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Tiralla N, Holzapfel M, Ansorge H. ​Feeding ecology of the wolf (Canis lupus) in a near-natural ecosystem in Mongolia​. ​​Mammalian Biology. ​2021;​101​(1):​​83​-89​. ​doi:10.1007/s42991-020-00093-z. 

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Authors
Tiralla, Nina ; Holzapfel, Maika; Ansorge, Hermann
Abstract
The increasing animosity towards wolves (Canis lupus) by livestock-keeping nomads in Mongolia and the accompanying conflicts highlight the urgent need for knowledge about the feeding behavior of wolves, since information on the feeding ecology of wolves in Mongolia is rare, especially in the mountain taiga and mountain forest steppe regions of Northern Mongolia. Those regions are characterized by a relatively high wildlife diversity and are sparsely populated by humans. To face this problem, 137 wolf scats were collected in the Khentii Mountain range in Northern Mongolia between 2008 and 2012. Almost all wolf faeces contained remnants of wild ungulates, which made up 89% of the consumed biomass. Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus) was the most important and positively selected prey species. It was followed by red deer (Cervus elaphus) and wild boar (Sus scrofa), which was negatively selected by wolves. Wolves also fed on buffer prey species such as lagomorphs and small mammals. No evidence of domestic ungulates was found in the wolf diet. Thus, near-natural habitats with a diverse fauna of wild animals are important to limit livestock depredation.
Issue Date
2021
Journal
Mammalian Biology 
Organization
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie ; Büsgen-Institut ; Abteilung Bioklimatologie 
ISSN
1616-5047; 1618-1476
eISSN
1618-1476
Language
English
Sponsor
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen (1018)

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