Implementing a hospital-based smoking cessation programme: Evidence for a learning effect

2008 | conference paper; research paper. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Implementing a hospital-based smoking cessation programme: Evidence for a learning effect​
Raupach, T. ; Shahab, L.; Neubert, K.; Felten, D.; Hasenfuß, G.   & Andreas, S. ​ (2008)
​Patient Education and Counseling (2) pp. 199​-204. (Vol. 70). ​4th International Conference on Shared Decision Making​, Freiburg, GERMANY.
Clare​: Elsevier Ireland Ltd. DOI: 

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Raupach, Tobias ; Shahab, Lion; Neubert, Karin; Felten, Dorothea; Hasenfuß, Gerd ; Andreas, Stefan 
Objective: This study assessed a newly set-up, hospital-based smoking cessation clinic with regard to continuous abstinence rates and the effectiveness of concomittant nicotine replacement therapy. Methods: Smoking status of 369 participants of this 8-week cognitive-behavioural smoking cessation group programme was obtained using exhaled carbon monoxide at the end of the course as well as self-report 6 months after the course. In addition to demographic data, FTND score, SDS score, and usage of nicotine replacement products were recorded. Results: Overall, 29.8% of all participants reported to have been continuously abstinent for 6 months after the course. Success rates increased significantly during the first year after initiation of the programme (from 15 to 35%, p < 0.001), indicating a learning process of the staff running the course. Nicotine replacement therapy was used by 51.3% of participants, but 58% of these discontinued its use within 5 weeks. Nicotine substitution for more than 5 weeks was associated with a 50% success rate after 6 months. Conclusions: Our data indicate a learning effect of smoking cessation course staff and a possible minimum duration required for nicotine replacement to be effective. Practice implications: The observed learning effect in smoking cessation programmes should be considered when evaluating newly established interventions of this kind. Patients tend to stop nicotine replacement therapy too early, thereby decreasing their chances of middle-term abstinence. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Issue Date
Elsevier Ireland Ltd
4th International Conference on Shared Decision Making
Conference Place
Freiburg, GERMANY



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