Brain iron enrichment attenuates α‐synuclein spreading after injection of preformed fibrils

2021 | journal article; research paper. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Brain iron enrichment attenuates α‐synuclein spreading after injection of preformed fibrils​
Tatenhorst, L.; Caldi Gomes, L.; Zhang, S.; Parvaz, M.; Carboni, E.; Roser, A. & El DeBakey, H. et al.​ (2021) 
Journal of Neurochemistry159(3) art. jnc.15461​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jnc.15461 

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Authors
Tatenhorst, Lars; Caldi Gomes, Lucas; Zhang, Shuyu; Parvaz, Mojan; Carboni, Eleonora; Roser, Anna‐Elisa; El DeBakey, Hazem; Bähr, Mathias ; Lingor, Paul; Dauer née Joppe, Karina; Vogel‐Mikuš, Katarina; Wang Ip, Chi; Becker, Stefan; Zweckstetter, Markus
Abstract
Abstract Regional iron accumulation and α‐synuclein (α‐syn) spreading pathology within the central nervous system are common pathological findings in Parkinson's disease (PD). Whereas iron is known to bind to α‐syn, facilitating its aggregation and regulating α‐syn expression, it remains unclear if and how iron also modulates α‐syn spreading. To elucidate the influence of iron on the propagation of α‐syn pathology, we investigated α‐syn spreading after stereotactic injection of α‐syn preformed fibrils (PFFs) into the striatum of mouse brains after neonatal brain iron enrichment. C57Bl/6J mouse pups received oral gavage with 60, 120, or 240 mg/kg carbonyl iron or vehicle between postnatal days 10 and 17. At 12 weeks of age, intrastriatal injections of 5‐µg PFFs were performed to induce seeding of α‐syn aggregates. At 90 days post‐injection, PFFs‐injected mice displayed long‐term memory deficits, without affection of motor behavior. Interestingly, quantification of α‐syn phosphorylated at S129 showed reduced α‐syn pathology and attenuated spreading to connectome‐specific brain regions after brain iron enrichment. Furthermore, PFFs injection caused intrastriatal microglia accumulation, which was alleviated by iron in a dose‐dependent way. In primary cortical neurons in a microfluidic chamber model in vitro, iron application did not alter trans‐synaptic α‐syn propagation, possibly indicating an involvement of non‐neuronal cells in this process. Our study suggests that α‐syn PFFs may induce cognitive deficits in mice independent of iron. However, a redistribution of α‐syn aggregate pathology and reduction of striatal microglia accumulation in the mouse brain may be mediated via iron‐induced alterations of the brain connectome. image
Brain iron accumulation and α‐synuclein (α‐syn) spreading pathology are common pathological findings in Parkinson's disease. To elucidate the influence of iron on α‐syn propagation, we investigated α‐syn spreading after stereotactic injection of α‐syn preformed fibrils (PFFs) into the striatum of C57Bl/6 mice after neonatal brain iron enrichment. 90 days post‐injection, PFFs injected mice displayed memory deficits, reduced α‐syn pathology and spreading to connectome‐specific regions after brain iron enrichment. Our study suggests that α‐syn PFFs may induce cognitive deficits in mice independent of iron. However, a redistribution of α‐syn pathology may be mediated via iron‐induced alterations of the brain connectome. image
Issue Date
2021
Journal
Journal of Neurochemistry 
Project
EXC 2067: Multiscale Bioimaging 
Working Group
RG Bähr (Neurobiological Research Laboratory) 
External URL
https://mbexc.uni-goettingen.de/literature/publications/315
ISSN
0022-3042
eISSN
1471-4159
Language
English
Sponsor
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100001659
MPI

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