Evaluation of a new pruning and tending system for young stands of Douglas fir

2021 | journal article; research paper. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Evaluation of a new pruning and tending system for young stands of Douglas fir​
Schönauer, M.; Hoffmann, S.; Nolte, M. & Jaeger, D.​ (2021) 
Silva Fennica55(2).​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.10447 

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Authors
Schönauer, Marian; Hoffmann, Stephan; Nolte, Martin; Jaeger, Dirk
Abstract
In Germany, management restrictions for Norway spruce ( (L.) H. Karst.) due to climate change lead to increasing interest in Douglas fir ( (Mirb.) Franco) as a potential substituting species. However, Douglas fir requires cost-intensive silvicultural treatments, such as periodic thinnings and, in particular, pruning. In order to improve the efficiency of such treatments, a new tending system with an adapted two-step work system was analyzed. The new system, using electric pruning shears and the backpack clearing saw Husqvarna 535FBX â Spacerâ , was compared to the conventional three-step work system, using handsaw and chainsaw and characterized by tree selection previously conducted as an independent work step. Time and motion studies to determine productivity and costs, as well as ergonomic analysis through heart rate measurements and posture analysis were conducted. Overall, the new system was found to be more productive and to have lower costs, with 8.9 trees per scheduled system hour (4.17 â ¬ tree), compared to the conventional system with 8.1 trees per scheduled system hour (4.44 â ¬ tree). Ergonomic improvements with the new system could be mainly observed during the felling of competing trees, when the level of heart rate reserve was reduced by 9.3 percent points, compared to the conventional system. However, significant advantages in reducing unfavorable body postures expected for the â Spacerâ could not be confirmed. Since time savings within the new system were mainly attributed to the adaptation of workflow and the use of the electric shears during pruning, it should be considered to replace the â Spacerâ within the new system by light chainsaws for best results under the conditions investigated. Picea abies Pseudotsuga menziesii â 1 â 1
In Germany, management restrictions for Norway spruce ( (L.) H. Karst.) due to climate change lead to increasing interest in Douglas fir ( (Mirb.) Franco) as a potential substituting species. However, Douglas fir requires cost-intensive silvicultural treatments, such as periodic thinnings and, in particular, pruning. In order to improve the efficiency of such treatments, a new tending system with an adapted two-step work system was analyzed. The new system, using electric pruning shears and the backpack clearing saw Husqvarna 535FBX â Spacerâ , was compared to the conventional three-step work system, using handsaw and chainsaw and characterized by tree selection previously conducted as an independent work step. Time and motion studies to determine productivity and costs, as well as ergonomic analysis through heart rate measurements and posture analysis were conducted. Overall, the new system was found to be more productive and to have lower costs, with 8.9 trees per scheduled system hour (4.17 â ¬ tree), compared to the conventional system with 8.1 trees per scheduled system hour (4.44 â ¬ tree). Ergonomic improvements with the new system could be mainly observed during the felling of competing trees, when the level of heart rate reserve was reduced by 9.3 percent points, compared to the conventional system. However, significant advantages in reducing unfavorable body postures expected for the â Spacerâ could not be confirmed. Since time savings within the new system were mainly attributed to the adaptation of workflow and the use of the electric shears during pruning, it should be considered to replace the â Spacerâ within the new system by light chainsaws for best results under the conditions investigated. Picea abies Pseudotsuga menziesii â 1 â 1
Issue Date
2021
Journal
Silva Fennica 
Organization
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie ; Burckhardt-Institut ; Abteilung Arbeitswissenschaft und Verfahrenstechnologie 
eISSN
2242-4075
Sponsor
Open-Access-Publikationsfonds 2021

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