Evaluation of water related properties of birch wood products modified with different molecular weight phenol-formaldehyde oligomers

2021 | journal article. A publication with affiliation to the University of Göttingen.

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​Evaluation of water related properties of birch wood products modified with different molecular weight phenol-formaldehyde oligomers​
Grinins, J.; Biziks, V.; Rizikovs, J.; Irbe, I. & Militz, H.​ (2021) 
Holzforschung75(10) pp. 908​-916​.​ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2020-0235 

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Authors
Grinins, Juris; Biziks, Vladimirs; Rizikovs, Janis; Irbe, Ilze; Militz, Holger
Abstract
Abstract This study investigated the effect of phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resin treatment on the dimensional stability of birch solid wood and plywood. Therefore, three different low molecular weight PF resins with average molecular weights ( M w ) of 292, 528, and 884 g/mol were synthesized and used for silver birch ( Betula pendula ) solid wood (20 × 20 × 20 mm 3 ) and veneer (100 × 100 × 1.4 and 300 × 300 × 1.4 mm 3 ) impregnation to produce plywood. The weight percent gain (WPG) and bulking after curing of resin treated wood specimens were determined. The leaching was performed to evaluate the PF resin fixation stability. All tested resins at all concentrations were similarly fixed in wood blocks after the leaching (1.5–2.0% WPG loss). The dimensional stability of birch wood after treatment with all tested PF resins was significantly improved. The anti-swelling efficiency (ASE) of birch wood blocks treated with PF resins after seven water soaking-drying cycles was in the range of 39–53%, 46–65% and 49–65% using 10, 15 and 20% solution concentrations, respectively. Whereas, the ASE of plywood obtained from veneers treated with 10% of PF solution was improved by 6–20%. The equilibrium moisture content (EMC) and volumetric swelling (VS) of PF treated plywood at 98% of relative humidity (RH) decreased significantly. All PF resin treated plywood surfaces were more hydrophobic compared to untreated plywood.
Abstract This study investigated the effect of phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resin treatment on the dimensional stability of birch solid wood and plywood. Therefore, three different low molecular weight PF resins with average molecular weights ( M w ) of 292, 528, and 884 g/mol were synthesized and used for silver birch ( Betula pendula ) solid wood (20 × 20 × 20 mm 3 ) and veneer (100 × 100 × 1.4 and 300 × 300 × 1.4 mm 3 ) impregnation to produce plywood. The weight percent gain (WPG) and bulking after curing of resin treated wood specimens were determined. The leaching was performed to evaluate the PF resin fixation stability. All tested resins at all concentrations were similarly fixed in wood blocks after the leaching (1.5–2.0% WPG loss). The dimensional stability of birch wood after treatment with all tested PF resins was significantly improved. The anti-swelling efficiency (ASE) of birch wood blocks treated with PF resins after seven water soaking-drying cycles was in the range of 39–53%, 46–65% and 49–65% using 10, 15 and 20% solution concentrations, respectively. Whereas, the ASE of plywood obtained from veneers treated with 10% of PF solution was improved by 6–20%. The equilibrium moisture content (EMC) and volumetric swelling (VS) of PF treated plywood at 98% of relative humidity (RH) decreased significantly. All PF resin treated plywood surfaces were more hydrophobic compared to untreated plywood.
Issue Date
2021
Journal
Holzforschung 
Organization
Fakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie ; Burckhardt-Institut ; Abteilung Holzbiologie und Holzprodukte 
ISSN
0018-3830
eISSN
1437-434X
Language
English

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