Does grip strength predict squat strength in healthy young men?

2020 | journal article; research paper. A publication of Göttingen

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​Does grip strength predict squat strength in healthy young men?​
Sempf, F.; Glage, D. & Thienes, G. ​ (2020) 
Turkish Journal of Kinesiology6(3) pp. 118​-124​.​ DOI: 

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Sempf, Felix; Glage, Denis; Thienes, Gerd 
Squat repetition maximum (RM) testing is a reliable and safe method for assessing lower body strength in healthy individuals but constraints in technique, time or access to testing devices can restrict its application. Measuring grip strength may provide a simple alternative as it has been linked to lower body strength in non-athletes. However, to date no study has examined the relationship between grip strength and squat strength in an untrained population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the predictability of squat performance by grip strength. 25 untrained healthy male adults (24.9 ± 3.4 years) were tested for maximal grip strength and squat 5RM, which was used to calculate the estimated squat 1RM. Our data revealed a significant and strong correlation between grip strength and estimated squat 1RM (r = .68, p < .001) as well as a significant regression equation in which grip strength can explain 46% of estimated squat 1RM (r² = .46, p < .001). The results suggest that grip strength may be used to predict squat performance in untrained healthy male adults, when repetition maximum testing is not feasible.
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Turkish Journal of Kinesiology 
Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät ; Institut für Sportwissenschaften ; Arbeitsbereich Trainings- und Bewegungswissenschaft 



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